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From New World Encyclopedia


Forty-Seven Ronin

R┼Źnin, meaning "drifting person," were masterless samurai as a result of their master's death or ruin

Great Pyramid of Giza

The Great Pyramid was the world's tallest building for four millennia

Prisoner of war

To be entitled to prisoner of war status, the captured service member must have conducted operations according to the laws of war

Judo

Despite the meaning of "judo" being "the gentle way," it is very demanding and injury can easily occur

Grand Place

Grand Place, the central market square of Brussels, is considered to be one of the most beautiful town squares in Europe.

Florence

Florence, well known for art and architecture, is considered the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance

Trickster

The trickster, a figure who plays tricks or disobeys rules of behavior, is an archetype appearing in many cultures

Songhai Empire

At its height, in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, the Songhai Empire was the largest empire in West Africa

Namib Desert

The Namib Desert, stretching 1,000 miles along the Atlantic coast of Southern Africa, is believed to be the world's oldest desert having been arid for at least 55 million years

Nobel Prize

Mahatma Gandhi never received the Nobel Peace Prize, though he was nominated for it five times

Kanji

Kanji are the Chinese characters used in the Japanese writing system

Albert Bierstadt

Although Albert Bierstadt's paintings were not fully recognized in his lifetime, he is now regarded as one of the greatest landscape artists in history.

Darius I of Persia

Darius the Great of Persia decreed that the Jews could rebuild the Temple of Jerusalem after its destruction by the Babylonians

Donald O. Hebb

Donald O. Hebb's work laid the foundation for neuropsychology as he sought to understand how neurons in the brain contributed to [[psychology

White tea

White tea was formerly a luxury reserved for the emperor of China

Tibet

The Tibetan Plateau is the highest region on earth

Mourning

The color of deepest mourning among medieval European queens was white rather than black

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

The Prime Minister of the UK traditionally resides at 10 Downing Street in London

Axiology

Axiology is the philosophical study of value

B.R. Ambedkar

B.R. Ambedkar was the chief architect of the Constitution of India

Pierre Curie

Pierre Curie's work was not recognized in France until he received the Nobel Prize for his work on radiation, together with his wife Marie Curie and Henri Becquerel, at which point he was given a professorship at the Sorbonne

Imhotep

Imhotep is considered the founder of Egyptian medicine

Vaishnavism

Vaishnavism differs from other traditions of Hinduism by recognizing Vishnu as the supreme deity

Greenhouse gas

Without "greenhouse gases" the Earth would be so cold as to be uninhabitable

Iran-Iraq War

The First Persian Gulf War was between the armed forces of Iraq and Iran and lasted from September 1980 until August 1988

Sulfuric acid

Sulfuric acid was known to medieval European alchemists as "oil of vitriol"

Bering Strait

Plans to build a bridge or tunnel across the Bering Strait were proposed as far back as the nineteenth century

Cloud seeding

The first attempt at cloud seeding was in 1946 when dry ice dropped from a plane led to snow fall

Vocational education

The general philosophy of vocational education stands in stark contrast to the ideology of a liberal arts education.

Buckingham Palace

The first British monarch to live in Buckingham Palace was Queen Victoria

Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire was the center of interactions between Asia and Europe for six centuries

Alfred L. Kroeber

Science fiction author Ursula K. Le Guin's father is anthropologist Alfred L. Kroeber who studied "Ishi," the last of the Yahi tribe

Mount Rushmore

The original plan for the Mount Rushmore monument was for the figures of the presidents to be carved down to their waists

Adultery

In some cultures, adultery was defined as a crime only when a wife had sexual relations with a man who was not her husband; a husband could be unfaithful to his wife without it being considered adultery.

Personality assessment

Greek philosopher Hippocrates recorded the first known personality model basing his four "types" on the amount of body fluids, or "humors," an individual possessed.

Frances Hodgson Burnett

Frances Hodgson Burnett, author of children's stories such as 'The Secret Garden' in which the characters suffer hardships before finding happiness, herself suffered great hardship and loss in her own life leading her to a spiritual quest for healing

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler's anti-Semitism developed during his years as a struggling artist in Vienna, Austria

Kingdom of Mysore

The Kingdom of Mysore was an important center of art and culture in Southern India

Herbert of Cherbury

Herbert of Cherbury is best known as the "father of Deism"

Exercise

Physical exercise is beneficial to both physical and mental health

Shark

The smallest sharks are only as big as a human hand

Habsburg

The House of Habsburg was one of the most powerful families in Europe being Holy Roman Emperors and rulers of Austria (and the Austrian Empire) for over six centuries

Micronesia

Micronesia is one of three major cultural areas in the Pacific Ocean, the other two being Melanesia and Polynesia

Confidence game

The term "confidence man" was first used in 1849 about a thief who asked strangers if they had confidence to trust him with their watch